Object Details

Monument to Russian prisoners of war (Tzar's Obelisk)

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General Information
Classification
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Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright for Photograph:

Creative Commons

Location

Street:Abinger Place
Town:Lewes
Parish:Lewes
Council:Lewes District Council
County:East Sussex
Postcode:BN7
Location on Google Map
Object setting:Outside building
and in:Religious
Access is:Public
Location note:Churchyard, Church of St John Sub Castro, junction with Lancaster Street.
In the AZ book:East Sussex
Page:115
Grid reference:J5
The A-Z books used are A-Z East Sussex and A-Z West Sussex (Editions 1A 2005). Geographers' A-Z Map Company Ltd. Sevenoaks.
OS Reference:TQ4110

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Makers

Name : John Strong
     Role:Stonemason

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General Information

Commissioned by: Emperor of Russia, Alexander II
Construction period:1877
Installation date:1877
Work is:Extant
Owner custodian:St. John Sub Castro. Lewes.
Object listing:Grade II: of special interest warranting every effort to preserve them
Building listing:II
Description:Faces east. Set on a stepped base and in a neo-Gothic style. Octagonal drum with marble shafts carrying cusped pointed arches and the ribs to the pointed octagonal spire. Octagonal tabernacle feature above supporting cross. Four of the panelled sides contain dedicatory inscriptions, the other four contain the names of the dead.
Inscription:East face, carved letters:

SACRED
to the Memory of
the Russian Soldiers
who died Prisoners
of War in Lewes
in the years
1854
1855 1856

West face, carved letters:

RAISED
by order of
His Majesty
the Emperor of
Russia
Alexander II
1877
THE MEMORIAL
was restored by the
Embassy of the USSR
1957
At the instance of the
Friends of Lewes
Society

South face, carved letters:

These Lines
are transcribed from
the first Memorial

Now save what here is laid
Soon will the Lord come
who has said
Those that on me believe
them will
Raise to Eternal life

North face, carved letters, severely weather-worn:

The
First Memorial
Placed over the
Soldiers Remains ?????
by their Surviving
Comrades was a simple
Head Stone
bearing the following inscription
?????????
????????etc

The other four sides contain the names of the Russian soldiers

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Classification

Categories:Funerary, Free Standing, Commemorative, Religious
Object type1:Shaft
     Object subtype1:Obelisk
Subject type1:Non-figurative

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Object Parts

Part 1:Obelisk
     Material:Stone with red granite columns.
     Height (cm):425
     Width (cm):155
     Depth (cm):155
Part 2:Stepped (2) base
     Material:Stone
     Height (cm):46
     Width (cm):250
     Depth (cm):250

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Object Condition

Overall condition:Good
Risk assessment:No known risk
Condition 1 of type:Surface
     Condition 1: Corrosion, deterioration
     Condition 2: Biological growth
     More details:Weather wearing to inscriptions. Biological growth all over monument.
Condition 2 of type:Structural
     Condition 1: Broken or missing parts
     More details:Top of the cross broken off. Crack to the top of the base on west side.
Date of on-site inspection:11/02/2008

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History

History:During the Crimean War, captured Finns were held at the old Naval prison in Lewes. Twenty eight of them died in the town.

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References


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Photographs





Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons

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